The Hijaz Railway is a narrow railway, linking Damascus and Medina. It was established during the tenure of the governorship of Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II to serve Muslim pilgrims, link the provinces of the Ottoman Empire and tighten control over them. Work on the railway began in 1900 and was opened in 1908, and its operation continued until the line was destroyed in 1916 during the First World War. It was destroyed by the Great Arab Revolt and the fall of the Ottoman Empire after the war.
The first public automotive museum in the Arab region.
The Archaeology Museum was established in 1962, the same year which the University of Jordan was established. Since its founding, the museum has been continuously expanding its collection.
The Central Bank of Jordan has been aware of the significance of having a coinage and numismatics museum to exhibit the various coins that were circulated in the Jordanian territory throughout history.